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International Relations

Course Descriptions

  • IREL 110: Principles of Economics
    An introduction to both microeconomics, the theory of consumer and producer behavior, and macroeconomics, the determination of aggregate levels of production, employment, inflation, and growth. Application of economic principles to the analysis of current problems of the U.S. economy.
    Cross-listed as: ECON 110
  • IREL 140: Introduction to Global Politics
    This course is an introduction to the main concepts and theories of comparative politics and international relations. Students investigate the democratic and non-democratic political systems and current political issues across the developed and developing worlds; war and peace; prosperity and poverty; and the political ideologies that have shaped politics within and among nations in the modern era.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 110
  • IREL 160: Intro to Sociology and Anthropology
    Sociology and anthropology share a focus on exploring the social (group rather than individual) bases of human practices and behaviors. Both disciplines study social interaction and such social institutions as family and religion. This course introduces students to key concepts for viewing the world through sociological and anthropological lenses, including cultural relativism, material culture, and the social construction of human experience through categories like race, class, and gender. Limited to first- and second-year students. Not open to students who have taken SOAN 100.
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 110
  • IREL 212: Macroeconomic Theory
    Analysis of the determinants of aggregate production, prices, interest rates, and employment in macroeconomic models that combine the business, household, government, and financial sectors. Prerequisites: ECON 110 and MATH 110 or MATH 160 with grades of C- or better.
    Cross-listed as: ECON 220
  • IREL 213: Principles of Marketing
    Analysis of how marketing concepts impact an organization through the development of the marketing mix (product, price, place and promotion). Building upon these concepts, students will develop an understanding of how marketing managers develop specific strategies in order to gain competitive advantage in a global economy (formerly BUSN 345). No prerequisites.
    Cross-listed as: BUSN 225, ENTP 225
  • IREL 214: The Mexican-American Border
    As the only place where the third world and first world touch, the Mexican-American border is unique. This course will focus on the border and how its unique location in the world has created a culture, language, politics, religion and economy that reflect the interdependence between these two neighboring countries. The course will begin with the history of the border from the Gadsden Purchase in 1854 to the passage of NAFTA in 2004 and then examine the impact of free trade on Mexico. The course will explore how people (immigration - both legal and illegal), resources (oil, workers), consumer products (household appliances, food, music, and art), environmental waste (toxic waste, water and air pollution) and technology (outsourcing) cross borders as globalization impacts both Mexicans and Americans. The course involves a three-week stay along the border in May. Pre-requisites: ECON 110 and SPAN 112 or its equivalent. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: BUSN 280, ECON 280, LNAM 280, SPAN 201
  • IREL 215: Child Labor in Latin America
    Explores the role of child labor in the economies of developing Latin American countries, focusing on the question 'Do countries need to use child labor to industrialize?' Historically, industrialized countries have relied heavily on children to work in factories and mines. Today it appears history is repeating itself as developing countries utilize children in the informal sectors. The employment of children in Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Chile, and Argentina will be examined in detail. The economic, political, social/cultural, and technological explanations for child labor will be explored for each country. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.) Prerequisite: ECON 110.
    Cross-listed as: ECON 245, LNAM 245
  • IREL 220: Europe 1715-1890
    Socio-economic, political, and intellectual and cultural development of Europe from 1715 to 1890. The crisis of the old order in the age of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. Industrialization, democratization, and modernization in the nineteenth century. The emergence of nation-states, consumer societies, and modern ideologies.
    Cross-listed as: HIST 208
  • IREL 221: Europe in the Twentieth Century
    European politics, culture, and society from 1890s to 1990s. The course pursues three major themes: the origins of the modern era from 1890 to 1918; the rise of the authoritarian state from 1917 to 1945; and the Cold War from the 1940s to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    Cross-listed as: HIST 209
  • IREL 224: Immigration in France 1945 to Today
    This course will trace France's immigration history from the mid-twentieth century to the present. It will mainly offer an investigation of Muslim immigration and integration in the post-1945 period. Along the way, we will also consider the broader context of immigration (i.e., of national, ethnic, and religious groups other than Muslims to France), the formation and evolution of concepts of French national identity, and the history of French citizenship policy. This course represents a postcolonial approach to the history of France, at the nexus of colonial, immigration, and urban histories. These histories will be studied with a focus on the social, economic, political, and cultural stakes raised by immigration, and the course will consider how some in France have reacted against certain groups of immigrants as antithetical to "Frenchness". No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 259, ISLM 259, FREN 259
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  • IREL 225: History of Russia
    Survey of the political, social, and intellectual history of Russia from the early medieval period to the post-Soviet era. Emphasis on the people and the state, efforts at modernization from above (particularly those of Peter the Great and Stalin), revolutionary ideas and movements, the disintegration of the Communist system and the Soviet empire, and the difficulties faced by Russia and other post-Soviet states. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 255
  • IREL 226: World War II: Europe
    Among topics to be studied: origins of the European war; the defeat of France; the Battle of Britain; the German attack on Russia; the Holocaust; the defeat of Germany; the impact of the war after 1945. In this course there will be a strong emphasis on film as an historical source.
    Cross-listed as: HIST 257
  • IREL 228: History of Mexico
    This course broadly surveys Mexican history from the pre-Conquest period to the Chiapas revolt in 1994. The meaning of progress, the sacred and indigenous culture, imperialism's impact, and popular mobilization are among its recurring themes. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 272, LNAM 257
  • IREL 230: Modern China
    Relying as much as possible on Chinese texts (in translation), this course will examine such topics as China's response to Western imperialism in the nineteenth century; the 1911 Revolution; the May Fourth Movement; the birth of the People's Republic of China; the Cultural Revolution; and the Democracy Movement of the 1980s. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 260, ASIA 283
  • IREL 231: Modern Japan
    From the founding of the last shogunate, the Tokugawa, in 1603 to its present status as an economic giant among the nations of the Pacific. Attention to the achievements as well as the undeniable sufferings and costs incurred during Japan's drive toward great power. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 262, ASIA 286
  • IREL 233: Origins of East Asia
    Introduction to the great civilizations of China and Japan, with emphasis on development of their fundamental characteristics. Highlights both shared traditions and significant differences between the two countries. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 212, ASIA 200
  • IREL 234: Modern East Asia
    Study of China, Japan, and Korea as each moved toward modern nationhood over the last 200 years. Attention to the difficulties each has confronted, including Japan's vision of empire shattered by World War II, China's civil war, and Korea's transformation through foreign interventions. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 213, ASIA 201
  • IREL 240: American Foreign Policy
    Students in this course explore the major historical developments and ideologies that have shaped American foreign policy since the founding of the Republic. We also study the models of foreign policy decision-making and the foreign policy institutions of the national government on matters related to war and national security, trade and monetary policy, and the global environment. The role of civil society in foreign policy is also considered. Special emphasis is given to the post- 9/11 era.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 240, AMER 241
  • IREL 241: Global Issues
    This course is a survey of the contemporary international politics of the great powers (e.g. United States, the European Union, Russia, Japan) and emerging powers (e.g., China, India, Brazil) in relation to contemporary issues in international economic, security, humanitarian, and environmental affairs. Special consideration is given to the implications of China's rise to global power on the U.S.- and Western- dominated international order.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 241
  • IREL 242: Politics of the Developing World
    This course highlights special topics relating to the domestic and international politics of developing countries, such as delayed industrialization, the lingering impact of colonialism, and recent trends in democratization and economic development and under-development. Recent trends related to the emergence of newly industrialized countries (NICs) are also considered. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 242
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  • IREL 245: Theories of International Relations
    In this course, students survey the major theoretical models and concepts associated with the study of international relations for the purpose of analyzing and thinking critically about contemporary international political issues.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 245
  • IREL 249: Methods of Political Research
    This course introduces students to the nuts and bolts of systematic political science research. Students learn how to construct a research question - and develop and test hypotheses. Students apply concepts and strategies learned in class to develop their own research design. The course will also expose students to: basic quantitative and qualitative skills for the purposes of describing and explaining political phenomena, and the analysis of data on issues in American and global politics. Prerequisite: Politics or International Relations major, or consent of instructor.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 200
  • IREL 250: Politics of Europe
    This course is a survey of the domestic political institutions, cultures, and economies of select European countries, as well as the major public policy issues facing the advanced industrial democracies of Western Europe, the new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe, and the continent's last autocracies (e.g., Russia). Some consideration is also given to pan-European governance, such as the European Union (EU) and the European Court of Human Rights.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 210
  • IREL 251: Politics of Russia
    The course will investigate the domestic political processes, institutions, and economies of the Russian Federation and the other states in the post-Soviet Union. Additionally, the course examines Russia's foreign policy, paying close attention to the Russian Federation's actions toward its close neighbors. Prerequisites: POLS 110 or permission of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 218
  • IREL 255: Politics of China
    This course examines the domestic politics and foreign policy of China from 1949 to the present. We study China?s shift from Mao-era political campaigns like the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution to an era of economic reform and globalization. We also explore China's most important bilateral relationships, its participation in international organizations, and its increasingly active role in writing the rules of the international system. Prerequisites: None. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 215
  • IREL 256: Politics of Middle East
    Study will focus on issues of modernization; the nature of Middle East governments; the past and present impact of religion on the region's culture and socio-political system; the Arab-Israeli conflict and its implications for world peace; and the impact of oil on the economy and regime stability in the Persian Gulf region. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 216, ISLM 216
  • IREL 259: Politics of Latin America
    An introduction to politics and social change in Latin America. Study will focus on several Latin American countries and on special topics such as human rights, religion, the military, land reform, women, and population policy. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 219, LNAM 219
  • IREL 260: Islam and Pop Culture
    In recent decades the global Islamic revival has produced a new generation of Muslim film stars and fashion models, Sufi self-help gurus, Muslim comic book heroes, romance novel writers, calligraphy artists, and even Barbie dolls. This course explores the pop sensations, market niches, and even celebrity scandals of 'Popular Islam' within the broader context of religious identity, experience, and authority in Islamic traditions. Balancing textual depth with geographic breadth, the course includes several case studies: Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mali, Turkey, and North America. Students will learn about how religious trends are created -- and debated -- on pop culture's public stage. We will reflect critically on both primary materials and inter-disciplinary scholarly writings about the relationships between pop culture, religious identities, devotional practices, and political projects. No pre-requisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 220, ASIA 220, ISLM 220
  • IREL 262: Global Christianity
    This course explores the origin, development, and contemporary state of Christianity with reference to the many cultures and societies that have shaped it, the world's largest religion. We begin with the origin and early development of Christianity within the context of ancient Judaism and the Roman Empire. We consider the development of Christianity into its many contemporary forms, and focus throughout the class on how Christianity is practiced throughout the world. We pay special attention to how Christianity has developed in places unfamiliar to most Americans, such as Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 212
  • IREL 263: Global Islam
    This course explores the origin and development of the Islamic religious tradition, along with varying interpretations of Islamic law and prominent issues facing contemporary Muslims around the world. Participants in the course read classical and contemporary literature as windows into Muslim life in different cultures and historical periods, and view Islamic art and architecture as visual texts. To learn about the rich diversity within Islam, students can work with texts, rituals, poetry, music, and film from a range of cultures within the Muslim world, from the Middle East, Africa, and Asia to Europe and North America. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 213, ASIA 213, ISLM 213
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  • IREL 264: Global Hinduism
    This course examines the teachings of the Hindu religious tradition as presented in the earliest writings of the tradition, as well as in dramas, epic narratives, and contemporary religious practice. In the course of the semester, we will visit Hindu Temples in the Chicago area as we explore the historical, social, and cultural context of Indian religious themes as they continue to be practiced in the 21st century. Texts range from philosophical musings about the nature of the universe to the story of a king who loses his wife to a 10-headed demon. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 214, ASIA 214
  • IREL 265: Global Buddhism
    An introduction to the origins of Buddhism in India as well as to the major cultural and historical influences on the spread of Buddhism throughout Asia, particularly in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Tibet, China, and Japan. The course will examine various forms of Buddhist practice including devotion, ethics, sangha membership, meditation, rituals, and festivals. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 215, ASIA 215
  • IREL 266: Chinese Religions
    Focusing primarily on the teachings of the Confucian (and neo-Confucian), Daoist, and early Chinese Buddhist traditions, we will explore the concepts and practices of these communities within their historical, cultural, and social contexts. Reading narrative, poetic, and classical texts in translation that present such ideas as the ethics of human-heartedness, the relativity of all things, and the importance of self-sacrifice, we will discuss what teachings these masterful texts offer 21st century questioners. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 216, ASIA 216
  • IREL 267: Religion and Politics
    This course examines the complex social, historical, and intellectual forces that impact the relationships between religion and politics. Students begin by exploring the historical genealogy of Western ideas about the proper role of religion in the public square. We draw from various theoretical approaches in order to better understand particular conflict situations such as contemporary U.S. political debates on the role of religion in policy-making; the tension between Islam and democracy in Turkey; the head scarf debate in France; and the actions of Christian and Buddhist monks during the Vietnam War. We will critically reflect on the role of religious ideologies as well as the ways in which religious explanations of politics and violence can obscure more enduring histories of power relations. No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 230, POLS 230
  • IREL 268: 21st Century Islam
    The 1.5 billion Muslims around the world represent an immense diversity of languages, ethnicities, cultures, contexts and perspectives. This course focuses on 21st century issues faced by Muslims living in different cultures. Contemporary social issues are examined in light of different interpretations of Islamic practice, global communication and social networks, elements of popular culture, and the interface between religion and government. Biographies, short stories, contemporary journalism, and films that explore life in Muslim and non-Muslim countries present a nuanced portrait of contemporary Islam. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 255, ISLM 255, ASIA 255
  • IREL 271: Cultures of Modern Africa
    Introduction to contemporary rural and urban society in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing on materials from all major regions of the subcontinent. Particular emphasis will be on problems of rural development, rural-urban migration, and structural changes of economic, political, and social formations in the various new nations. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 221, AFAM 221
  • IREL 272: History & Cultures of Latin America
    This course introduces students to modern historical, ethnohistorical, and anthropological approaches to the indigenous populations of Latin America. The course will focus on the conflict and crisis that have characterized the relationship between the native inhabitants of the New World and the Old World immigrants and their descendants whose presence has forever changed the Americas. This conflict, and the cultures that emerged from it, will be traced both historically (starting with the 'conquest') and regionally, focusing on four distinct areas: central Mexico; Guatemala and Chiapas; the Andes; and the Amazon. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 231, LNAM 231
  • IREL 273: Cultural Ecology of Africa
    In this course, we will study the relationships between African peoples and their environments. We will consider the process of globalization and its relationship to the changing landscape of Africa in a historical context. By combining environmental studies and anthropology, we will bring a unique perspective to our study of the historical interaction of African cultures and environments, from pre-colonial times through the colonial period to the current post-colonial period. No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 273, ES 273, AFAM 273
  • IREL 274: Globalization of Culture & Society
    This course is an introduction to the study of contemporary diversity of human cultures. In the process of studying the peoples of the world, we will investigate various social scientific perspectives as they have developed in recent years in response to the increasing significance of globalization in local cultures. By better understanding the values and beliefs of members of other societies, we will be able to gain a more insightful understanding of our own and come to better appreciate the ways in which our own culture subtly shapes our perceptions of the world. Concepts of race, ethnicity, and identity will be considered, as well as the theme of communication across cultural boundaries. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
  • IREL 275: Sociology of Terrorism
    Terrorism has been part of the Western consciousness since the rise of anarchism a century ago. Events of September 11th, 2001, brought a new urgency to the examination of the global circumstances and forces that have given rise to the present brand of transnational and global terrorism. The newest mode of this phenomenon is visible in the public propaganda of ISIL and its affiliates in West Asia and North Africa. This course concentrates on sociological perspectives regarding specific traditions that have fostered terrorist ideologies and practices. The varieties of terrorism to be examined in this course include Christian (in the United States and Europe), Islamic (Shiite or Sunni branches), Buddhist, Sikh/Hindu, and secular terrorism of the left and the right. No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 208
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  • IREL 283: Philosophy of Self: East and West
    The course will examine how great thinkers from East and West, ancient and modern times, have tackled the relation between reason, passion, and desire. We will study Plato's tripartite model of the soul, the Stoic monism, especially Chrysippus' theory of desire, and various Eastern concepts such as self-overcoming, unselfing, and self-forgetting. We will also include some basic readings from the scientific discussions on mirror neurons and Antonio Damasio's writings on self and emotion. No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: PHIL 253, ASIA 253
  • IREL 285: Desire and Discipline: Asian Morals
    This course offers a focused historical narrative of the development of Asian moral thinking. It shows, at its early phase, how a particular moral philosopher's thinking (such as Mencius and Xun-zi) is largely determined by his thinking on human nature. However, in later periods, particularly after the importation of Buddhism, the debates on human nature are replaced by an intense cognitive and metaphysical interest in the human mind. Moral cultivation begins to focus less on following moral rules but more on cultivating the mind. The effect of this nature-mind shift on Asian moral thinking is both historically profound and theoretically surprising. Readings: Confucius, Mencius, Xun-zi, Lao zi, Zhuang zi, Zhang Zai, Chen Brothers, Zhu Xi and D. T. Suzuki. (Meets the GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: PHIL 275, ASIA 275
  • IREL 286: Social Justice and Human Rights
    Examination of the concepts and debates surrounding social justice and human rights, with attention to the arguments between East and West. Applications to current global and domestic issues, such as globalization; poverty and disparities in wealth and opportunity; race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation; political liberties; and genocide.
    Cross-listed as: PHIL 276, ETHC 276
  • IREL 287: Social Justice versus Freedom?
    Examination of the perceived tensions between efforts to promote social justice and guarantees of individual freedom. Theoretical debates will be linked to practical issues, such as promotion of free markets versus government social programs and questions of government's legitimate role on personal issues, such as providing for gay marriage. Efforts to seek common ground will be explored. No prerequisites.
    Cross-listed as: PHIL 277, ETHC 277
  • IREL 288: Topics in Japanese Thought
    The course focuses on the Japanese understanding of nature, life, and history. We will focus on the ideas of fragility, impermanence, and beauty. Students will learn the central ideas of Zen Buddhism. Topics to be covered may include artistic representations in Noh plays, Tea ceremonies, and the Samurai culture. Prerequisite: any course in Asian thought or permission of the instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement).
    Cross-listed as: PHIL 285, ASIA 285
  • IREL 296: Terrorism and the Environment
    Human injustice and the environment are deeply interlinked. Terror, war, disease, and slavery have environmental interconnections, and the current climate of terrorism has causes directly related to the availability and scarcity of natural resources. Both terrorists and counter-terrorist groups often deploy environmental weapons and strategies?such as dam breaching and oil field ignition?and make use of communication and supply chains that rely on the intimate knowledge of local geographies. Environmentalists have also employed terror tactics, often labeled as eco-terrorism, such as tree spiking and mailing bombs, to promote and protect environmental values. This interdisciplinary course weaves together geography, natural resource science, history, politics, and sociology to understand the connection between terrorism and the environment. No prerequisites.
    Cross-listed as: ES 209
  • IREL 297: Troubled World Geography
    Human catastrophes and environmental catastrophes are usually deeply interlinked. War, disease, slavery, earthquakes, tsunamis, climate instability, desertification, and deforestation have geographical correlates that we must recognize to understand their causes, consequences, and solutions. This course provides geographic literacy for understanding the political and environmental issues of the 21st century, issues based in geography - based, that is, in the spatial distribution of land, water, languages, and economic activity. We focus on the history of the world's hotspots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to politically and environmentally unstable places on the globe. This course examines theories of the relationship of human cultures to geography and suggests ways to recast such theories into modern forms. The troubled spots of the world that we examine include the Middle East, all of Africa, Indonesia, and much of the Americas. The relationship between human cultures and geography is present in all of our investigations. No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: ES 217
  • IREL 310: Emerging Markets Analysis
    Analysis of emerging markets of East Asia and Latin America, paying particular attention to growth strategies and the impact of market reforms, financial markets development, and foreign capital flows on economic performance of these countries. The course relies on case studies from Asian countries of China, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore, and Hong Kong and Latin American economies of Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Chile. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.) Prerequisite: ECON 220.
    Cross-listed as: BUSN 322, ASIA 322, LNAM 322
  • IREL 311: Global Cultures & Intnl Bus-Chgo
    (Global Cultures and International Business Activities of Chicago) As influences of global activities increase locally, Chicago provides vast resources for the study of cultures, economic policies, political relations, and global business strategies. More than 130 consulates and foreign trade offices, and headquarters of many global companies, are in Chicago. This course will address the development and implications of various cultures in relation to local and global business activities. An emphasis will be field research, visits, and other activities involving Chicago-area resources. Instructional activities will include team projects, interviews, and observations to address issues related to Chicago's role in international trade and economic development for emerging markets. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.) Prerequisite: Junior standing, or permission of instructor.
    Cross-listed as: BUSN 341
  • IREL 312: African Culture & Business Develop
    (African Culture and Business Development.) While globalization can potentially enhance economic development and improve the quality of life, many nations, especially those in Africa, do not receive these benefits. Course emphasis will be on an analysis of efforts by businesses, community organizations, and government agencies to serve African societies plagued by poverty and other social concerns. Instructional resources will include: readings from sources with varied points of view; speakers representing countries and cultural groups; and field research visits to cultural exhibits and retail enterprises. Instructional experiences will include: (1) interviews with people familiar with various African cultures and business activities; (2) student team projects to analyze global cases for improvement of food production, water purification, health delivery, telecommunications, and educational programs and; (3) promotional activities to expand awareness of efforts to enhance economic development and quality of life in Africa. Prerequisite: Junior standing, or permission of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: BUSN 342
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  • IREL 316: Social Entrepreneurship
    Social entrepreneurship is a cross-cultural and interdisciplinary practice that combines traditional business and finance principles with expertise from fields as diverse as agriculture, medicine, law, engineering, environmental studies and sociology. The efforts of social entrepreneurs attempt to address problems such as poverty, hunger, disease, pollution, illiteracy, and inadequate housing in developing areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The result of these efforts is often a new business model for improved economic development and enhanced quality of life in a particular cultural setting. Strategic partnerships contribute to the success of such social enterprises through connections with government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), relief agencies, microfinance institutions, and human rights groups in varied cultural settings. This course prepares students for a changing business environment through cross-cultural and interdisciplinary assignments including field interviews, team projects, and student-created videos. Prerequisite: FIN 210. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: BUSN 360, ENTP 360
  • IREL 318: Economics of Development
    Studies the problem of sustaining accelerated economic growth in less-developed countries. This course emphasizes the issues of growth; poverty and inequality; how land labor and credit affect economic development; problems of capital formation, economic planning and international specialization and trade; and the interaction of industrialization, agricultural development, and population change. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.) Prerequisite: ECON 210.
    Cross-listed as: ECON 381
  • IREL 320: 20th Cent British Culture
    (20th Century British Culture) British culture since 1900. Topics include the impact of World War I; the Bloomsbury circle; documentary writing and film; working-class realism in the 1950s; youth culture; the New Left; postimperial culture; and postmodernism.
    Cross-listed as: HIST 335
  • IREL 327: The Russian Revolution
    This course provides a close study of the causes, processes and results of the Russian Revolution. Topics to be considered include: the broad historical background needed to understand the Russian revolutions of the 20th century; the causes and results of the 1905 Revolution; the impact of World War I; a close look at both the February and October revolutions of 1917; the creation of the new Soviet regime and the Civil War that shaped it; the ambiguous era of the 1920s; Stalin's 'Second Revolution' and the era of the Five Year Plans and collectivization of agriculture; the bloodletting of the Great Purges of the 1930s. Prerequisite: History 209 or 255 or permission of the instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 337
  • IREL 330: Topics in East Asian History
    (Topics in East Asian History) Fall 2017 Topic: China's Birth Policy) This course explores the evolution of the planned birth policy (more often called the "One Child Policy") as a key component of China's economic development strategy. We will evaluate demographic trends previous to the People's Republic of China, early family policies under Mao, the "later, longer, fewer" policy of the 1970s, the emergence of the formal planned birth policy, and gradual alterations to this policy culminating in the announcement of a "universal two-child policy." We will pay particular attention to the impact of global approaches to population and development on reforms to China"s policy, including the incorporation of international concepts such as sustainable development and reproductive health. Throughout the course, we will consider sub-national variations in the policy, as well as the different rules set out for urban vs. rural populations and for members of ethnic minority groups. No prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 340, ASIA 307
  • IREL 332: Problems Modern Chinese Hist: Film
    (Problems in Modern Chinese History: Film) What are the enduring problems of modern China? How have different Chinese governments confronted them? We will study twentieth-century transformations in Chinese society, politics, and culture on the mainland and Taiwan in the light of modern Chinese and international history through film and discussion of the major issues addressed by Western scholarship. Basic topics to be covered include Sino-Western relations; tradition and modernization; peasant rebellions; revolution and reforms; religion; culture and society; modern science; and intellectuals and the state. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 342, ASIA 309
  • IREL 333: Doing Business in/with China
    This course is aimed at students who are interested in a career involving business in China, who plan to apply to business school, or who are interested in Chinese business history. The course offers a theoretical framework for understanding Chinese business, commercial culture, and entrepreneurship patterns, as well as a practical guide to business practices, market conditions, negotiation techniques, and relevant organizations and networks in China. The course utilizes an interdisciplinary approach to examine China's business history, focusing on three separate but interrelated themes: America's "China Dream" in the past; doing business in China in the 21st century; and the "Panda Huggers' dilemma" in the future. The ultimate goal of the course is to equip students who are interested in doing business in or with China with the background knowledge and analytical skills to aid future careers and business endeavors. The course is open to all majors in the College with no prerequisites. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: HIST 341
  • IREL 340: International Terrorism
    The central aim of this course is to critically examine the phenomenon of terrorism. In so doing, we will adopt the following approach: (i) we will briefly analyze the concepts of security and violence; (ii) we will discuss the etymology of the concept "terrorism." (iii) We will explore the idea of terrorism as an instrumentally rational undertaking. Parallel to this we will read a sample of articles from the positive political science literature on terrorism. (iv) We will examine the morality of terrorism as refracted through the lens of the rich theorizing on just war and will carefully investigate the philosophy literature on terrorism. Finally (v) in light of the foregoing theoretical examination, we will examine the U.S.-led "war on terror." Prerequisite: POLS 110.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 340
  • IREL 342: International Political Economy
    The course introduces students to the academic discipline of International Political Economy (IPE). It surveys the intellectual history of the discipline and specifies the main methodological and theoretical debates in IPE. The course also examines international trade and production, the international monetary and financial systems, and global poverty and development. Prerequisite: Politics 110 or consent of instructor.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 342
  • IREL 346: International Humanitarian Law
    This course explores the development and operation of international humanitarian law, the body of international law that seeks to limit the effects of armed conflict by regulating the means and methods of warfare and by protecting persons not participating in the hostilities. We will discuss key doctrinal features of international humanitarian law--including, e.g., proportionality, military necessity, and the distinction between civilian objects and military objectives--as well as key sources of international humanitarian law, including, e.g., the Conventions of The Hague and Geneva (and their progeny). We will examine the difference between international and non-international armed conflicts, and we will also consider the relationship between international humanitarian law and other areas of international law, such as international human rights law and international criminal law. Prerequisite: POLS 110 or consent of instructor
    Cross-listed as: POLS 346
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  • IREL 347: International Institutions
    In this course students survey the theories of international institutions, focusing on how they emerge and function, as well as their effect on international relations processes and outcomes. Also central to the course are in-depth case studies of international organizations in the fields of diplomacy, security, economics, environment, law, and humanitarian affairs. Special emphasis is placed on the United Nations system and the European Union. Prerequisite: Politics 110 or consent of instructor.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 347
  • IREL 348: International Law
    Students in this course investigate the evolution of modern international law. We consider the roles of states, the United Nations, and non-state actors in international law, mechanisms for the creation and enforcement of international legal norms, the changing nature of state sovereignty from the Peace of Westphalia to the present, and breaches of international law and potential consequences. Attention is also given to pressing matters of international concern, including war and terrorism, environmental issues, and human rights and humanitarian law. Prerequisite: POLS 110 or consent of instructor.
    Cross-listed as: POLS 348
  • IREL 349: Topics: U.S. Presidents & Jerusalem
    Until 1967, the U.S. accepted the international consensus on the issue of Jerusalem, which called for the internationalization of the city according to General Assembly Resolution 181. Also, the U.S. refused to recognize both Israel's annexation of West Jerusalem and Jordan's annexation of East Jerusalem. After the 1967 War, Israel extended its control to Arab East Jerusalem and later declared all Jerusalem its eternal capital. Since then, American presidents have stopped short of pressuring Israel to abide by Resolution 181, arguing instead that the future of Jerusalem should be negotiated between Israel and the Palestinians. This course studies the complex history of the positions of modern American presidents on Jerusalem, focusing on how American domestic politics has shaped U.S. policy and the interactions between U.S. presidential administrations and international actors on the status of Jerusalem.
    Cross-listed as: ISLM 349
  • IREL 350: State and Nation-Building
    This seminar focuses on the nature, dynamics, and strategies of state and nation-building processes within the modern international state system. Students will examine the mechanisms utilized to forge and facilitate national consciousness among the fragile, developing post-colonial states of Africa and other Third World countries. Dominant theoretical paradigms and empirical case studies that focus on the salient differences among nation-states, nations in search of states, and states in search of nations will be discussed. Other subjects include the role and relevance of nationalist ideology in our modern world and the causes, mechanisms, and consequences of ethnic conflicts and separatist movements in both developing countries and advanced industrialized states. Prerequisite: POLS 110 or consent of instructor.
  • IREL 351: Political Systems: Islamic World
    About one in four countries have Muslim-majority populations. This course examines the political systems of the Islamic world, which spans the globe from Europe and Africa to Southeast Asia. Students learn about the variety of regime types among these countries, including absolute and constitutional monarchies, one-party republics, theocracies, and Islamic and liberal democracies. Particular attention is given to the role of religion, culture, economic development, and history in the formation and operation of the political orders of these countries. Prerequisite: POLS 110 or consent of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 311, ISLM 312
  • IREL 352: Islam, State, and Society
    This course examines Islamic theology's guidance for governance and society. Students will evaluate the sources of the religion as well as early Islamic history to better understand the role of religion in the state, society, and family. Students will critically evaluate conventionally held views regarding Islam and Muslims and the treatment of women and minorities according to Islamic sources. Prerequisite: POLS 110. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 314, ISLM 314
  • IREL 353: Comparative Foreign Policy
    Though varied, the foreign policies of countries exhibit similar patterns, as well as analogous restraints and opportunities. Through a comparative analysis, this course surveys case studies of the contemporary foreign policies of great powers (Britain, China, France, Germany, Japan, and Russia) and regional powers (Brazil, India, Iran, South Africa, and Turkey). It analyzes how foreign policy interests are formulated, utilizing a variety of theories that highlight the importance of domestic and international influences on a country's foreign policy choices and behavior. Prerequisite: Politics 110 or consent of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 315
  • IREL 355: Dictators, Despots, and Tyrants
    This course is an examination of the ideological underpinnings of modern dictatorships, their politics, and how they organize the institutions of the state. It begins with an examination of twentieth century dictatorships, including Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Imperial Japan, the Soviet Union, and Communist China. It then considers contemporary dictatorships in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Students are introduced to source materials including pamphlets authored by dictators and a variety of films from different genres. The course underscores the political commonalities and differences among dictatorial regimes over time and across regions. It also explores how modern-day dictatorships and their leaders have shown remarkable resilience against the forces of globalization and political liberalization. Prerequisite: POLS 110 or consent of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 355
  • IREL 357: Global Democratization
    This course is a thematic and historical study of recent transitions from authoritarian rule to democracy. Students discuss theories of democratization and democratic consolidation, examine the key features of different 'waves' of democratization, and consider how new democracies avoid 'backsliding' to authoritarianism. Students also explore the relationship between democratic systems of government and culture. Prerequisite: POLS 110 or consent of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: POLS 317
  • IREL 360: Religion in Global Context
    Using a religious studies methodology, this course examines the nature of religious experience as expressed by different religious communities and cultures from ancient periods into the present. Members of the class choose individual research topics that might focus on religious artifacts, rituals, social movements, communities, and the ways that religious ideas influence societies. Case studies are diverse, representing many religious traditions, and may include descriptions of Vietnamese Buddhists negotiating religion in a non-religious state, American Christians walking the Camino de Santiago de Compostela, Jews making a living in World War II Shanghai, Hindus building Vaishnava temples in Chicago, or Indonesian designers setting 21st century high fashion trends for contemporary Muslims. This seminar is designed for religion majors and minors, but also welcomes students in other majors with appropriate preparation. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: RELG 300
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  • IREL 373: Globalization, Modernity, Culture
    Do we live in a 'global village'? Do we have a global culture? Is the world becoming a more homogeneous place or a more heterogeneous one? Is globalization inevitable? What are the threats and benefits of 'global society'? How has the structure of capitalism influenced globalization? This course considers the various scholarly perspectives on these issues, as well as the social actors and institutions that have promoted, benefited from, and challenged globalization. Course materials will be taken from scholarship in sociology and anthropology. Prerequisite: Sociology and Anthropology 110 or by permission. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 363
  • IREL 374: War and Conflict
    At any given moment, a significant portion of the world's population is dealing with the effects of war. When does a state of war produce its own structures and rules? How do different societies respond in different ways to life during wartime? How does ethnic and class conflict manifest in war? What happens when war and conflict become normalized? Does the perpetual conflict between tribes in Papua New Guinea constitute war in the same way that the war on terror is a war, and are either of these the same as World War II? Does the Arab Spring constitute a state of war? This course takes up the question of the social effects of war, including the consequences of living 'on war footing.' Potential topics include the militarization of societies, the differences between state and non-state control of violence, and the mechanisms by which populations are mobilized to violence. Prerequisites: SOAN 110 and SOAN 210 or 220, or consent of instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 354
  • IREL 375: Sociology of Religion
    This seminar starts with major classical theories of sociology of religion including those of secularization and privatization of religion in the modern world. Then we shall examine the relevant events of the past quarter of the century, namely the sudden explosion of politicized and highly public religions in the Western and the non-Western worlds. The existing sociological literature didn't anticipate the current significance of religion and this tension is expected to generate interesting debates in this seminar. Special attention will be given to a comparative study of public religions in Western countries (e.g., Brazil, Poland, Spain, and the United States) and in the Middle East (Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia). Pre-requisites: SOAN 110 and any SOAN course at the 200 level or higher or consent of the instructor. (Meets the GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: SOAN 390, RELG 390
  • IREL 385: Comparative Philosophy: East & West
    Comparative investigation of Eastern and Western philosophical sources; elucidation and critical examination of fundamental presuppositions, unique conceptual formulations, and alternative approaches to general philosophical issues. Prerequisite: One Western philosophy course and one Asian area course, or consent of the instructor. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: PHIL 305, ASIA 305
  • IREL 395: Comparative and International Educ
    (Comparative and International Education: Education as the Practice of Freedom) This course examines both the study and practice of comparative and international education. The course is organized with a multidisciplinary perspective with analysis of history, theory, methods, and issues in comparative and international education. A major goal of the course is to interrogate the linkages between education and society. Recurrent themes will be examined to demonstrate how every educational system not only arises from but also shapes its particular socio-cultural context. Students will have the opportunity to deepen and expand their knowledge of educational issues within a global context. Not open to first year students. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: EDUC 320, ETHC 330, SOAN 344
  • IREL 396: Education in Developing Countries
    (Education and Development in Developing Countries) This course explores the historical background, philosophical foundations and major themes in the education of 'developing countries' within the broader context of global development and social change. The specific goal of this course is to familiarize students with the evolution of and critical issues in formal education in most low income, less industrialized nations. Students will be able to explore contemporary themes in education from a historical and comparative perspective. Additionally, they will expand their conceptual schema for rethinking educational issues within and beyond their own societies. Geographically, this course covers countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, but runs comparisons with countries in Europe and North America when theoretically relevant. Reading materials build on development studies and several disciplines in the social sciences and humanities such as history, philosophy, anthropology, sociology and education. Not open to first year students. (Meets GEC Cultural Diversity Requirement.)
    Cross-listed as: EDUC 322, SOAN 343
  • IREL 480: The 21st Century World (Dis)Order
    (Senior Seminar in International Relations: The 21st Century World (Dis)order) The international system of states is undergoing a power shift. Though it will remain the dominant world power for some time to come, most scholars agree that American global preeminence is waning. Yet scholars disagree about the effect of this shift on world order. Some see an effort by the United States and its closest allies to prop-up the current American liberal world order of global economic integration and cooperative security. Others envision either a 'post-American' world in which the United States and rising great powers re-negotiate the ground rules of a new liberal order, or a world in which the United States is one of a small number of great powers competing for power and influence in an illiberal world. Each of these possibilities raises compelling questions about war and peace, and cooperation and discord in twenty-first century international politics. Will this power shift jeopardize the liberal world order? Can this world order persist in the absence of American preeminence? How might the United States and its allies extend the current American world order?
    Cross-listed as: AMER 478
  • IREL 481: Security & Insecurity
    (Senior Seminar in Global Politics/International Relations: Security and Insecurity). Security studies in a mainstay of international relations scholarship and, like the international relations discipline itself, security studies has evolved and changed over the years. Drawing from theories of international relations, this senior seminar is an inquiry into the meanings of security (and insecurity). It underscores the wide variations in the application of the term to the objects of research, including the state (national security), the system of states (international security), the world beyond national borders (global security), and people and communities (human security). It applies these formations of security to a variety of issue areas in international relations today, both traditional (military affairs and economic affairs) and non-traditional (humanitarian and environmental affairs), thereby exposing students to an array of understandings and approaches to security studies in contemporary theory and practice. Students use their acquired knowledge to research and analyze a contemporary security issue or set of related issues. Prerequisite: Open to international relations and politics juniors and seniors only.

    Cross-listed as: POLS 488
  • IREL 482: Democracy and the Middle East
    (Senior Seminar in International Relations: Theories of Democracy and the Middle East) In this seminar students examine and apply theories of democracy to the contemporary Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Students learn the roles that different factors play in determining outcomes such as democracy, women's rights, and rights of minorities. Among other explanations of democracy, students will learn about modernization theory, the resource curse, and the role of religion. Students will evaluate these explanations as they apply to the MENA, considering their strengths and weaknesses. By the end of the course, students should have a comprehensive understanding of the deterrents to democratization in the MENA and possible factors that could facilitate reform. Prerequisite: Open to senior IR majors and Politics majors (in the Global Politics track), or permission of instructor.